Last updated: October 5, 2019
|Immigration||Quadrupled the intake of applications to 20,000 from 5,000 under the previous government, while cutting processing times from 7-8 years to 20-24 months.
2019 Platform:Increase immigration to 350,000 a year by 2021 — up from 310,000 in 2018.Municipal Nominee Program – will allow local communities, chambers of commerce, and local labour councils to directly sponsor permanent immigrants (min. 5000 spaces).Make applying for Canadian citizenship free for permanent residents. Work with the U.S. to “modernize” the Safe Third Country Agreement.
|Conservatives haven’t said how many immigrants they would accept each year. However, Andrew Scheer has stressed the importance of economic immigration and prioritizing those facing true persecution.
Conservatives also want to crack down on illegal border crossings. They want to renegotiate the Safe-Third Country Agreement with the United States and put an end to illegal border crossings at unofficial points of entry.
They would instead promote the private sponsorship of refugees and increase refugee screening.
Conservatives plan to improve credential recognition and providing low-skilled workers with a path to residency and improving language training.
|The NDP has taken a firm stance on the rights of immigrants in Canada and on the temporary foreign worker system. Primarily, the NDP has expressed that family reunification should be the main priority the Canadian Immigration Policy. The party wants to simplify the issuing of visitor’s visas for people coming to visit relatives, drop immigrant application and landing fees, and allow Canadians a one-time opportunity to sponsor a relative who is not a member of the family class to come to Canada. In addition, the NDP wants to create a fast-track family class sponsorship for applicants from areas of disaster.|
|Afghanistan||In 2014, ended the 12 year military mission in Afghanistan, bringing our troops back home while promoting worldwide peace and security.Between 2001 and 2018, the government of Canada sent $3.24 billion in foreign aid to Afghanistan for reconstruction and stabilization efforts, according to Global Affairs Canada. That total figure includes $465 million announced by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at a 2016 NATO summit, including $270 million for development assistance and $195 million for security support from 2017 to 2020. This funding is being used to sustain the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF), to support women’s and girls’ rights and empowerment and to help the Afghan government provide basic services to its citizens.In keeping with its Feminist International Assistance Policy, Canada’s overarching women’s and girls’ rights first approach in Afghanistan places gender equality and the empowerment of Afghan women and girls at the heart of all of its work in the country. Working together with the Afghan government, Afghan women and civil society, Canada is helping to ensure that women and girls are fully able to participate in all spheres of Afghan society. This is in line with Canada’s position as a global champion for the Sustainable Development Goals, specifically Goal 5, which seeks to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
2019 Platform:Move forward with new investments to support United Nations peacekeeping efforts – with more help to advance the women, peace, and security agenda; support conflict prevention and peacebuilding; and respond to grave human rights abuses.Establish the Canadian Centre for Peace, Order, and Good Government, which will lend expertise and help to people seeking to build peace, advance justice, promote human rights and democracy, and deliver good governance.Continue to increase Canada’s international development assistance every year towards 2030, reflecting commitment to realizing the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals.Spending no less than 10 per cent of international development assistance budget on education.Leading an international campaign to ensure that all children living in refugee or displacement camps can get the good education they need and deserve.
|Nothing yet||The NDP has not made any direct statements about Canada’s role in Afghan politics in recent years. They want to increase spending on international development assistance as a whole (0.7% of National Gross Income)|
|Social Assistance (e.g., Canada Child Benefit)||Helping nine out of 10 families receive more money every month for groceries, school supplies, and extracurriculars providing families with an average payment of $2,300 more in benefits during the first benefit year, tax-free, compared to under the Harper government.Creating programs such as the Canada Child Benefit, Canada Training Benefit, and Middle Class Tax Cuts to ensure Canadians of all ages are financially stable and able to sufficiently support their families and loved ones.
2019 Platform:Canada Child Benefit – Up to $1,000 more for kids under the age of oneWill move forward with Guaranteed Paid Family Leave – program that will make sure that parents who don’t qualify for paid leave through EI, or who don’t get enough because they’re between jobs, earn little, or haven’t worked enough hours, will receive a guaranteed income during the first year of their child’s life (targets women especially). Creating up to 250,000 more before and after school spaces for kids under 10 with 10% lower fees for before and after school care spaces.Expand the Learn to Camp program, and give 75,000 low-income children and their families up to four nights in national or provincial parks, including travel bursaries of up to $2,000.Introduce a $200 credit, called a “culture pass,” for every Canadian child when they turn 12, to be used in theatres, museums and other cultural venues.25% lower cell and wireless bills.Continue with the Gender-Based Violence Strategy and move forward with an additional $30 million investment to develop a National Action Plan.Create a National Institute for Women’s Health Research, the first of its kind in Canada. Strengthen the Anti-Racism Strategy and double its funding and boost funding for community-led initiatives to promote inclusion and combat racism.Hike the federal minimum wage to $15. Extend employment insurance sickness benefits to 26 weeks from 15 weeks. Create a “career insurance benefit” to kick in after EI benefits run out for long-time employees of a business that shuts down.
|The party has pledged to maintain Liberal initiatives — it would continue with the Canada Child Benefit and increase social transfer payments by at least three per cent every year, which helps provinces and territories finance childcare and early learning. Leader Andrew Scheer made a new promise to make Employment Insurance benefits for new parents tax-free.||The NDP will invest $1 billion in 2020 (and grow that investment annually) to support provinces in providing affordable childcare services.
They will also make the threshold to qualify for EI more accessible and increase the EI benefits amount (no less than $1200/month).
Spend $10 billion over the next four years to create 500,000 new child-care spaces, and establish free or low-cost childcare for all Canadian families by 2030, with the daily fee topping out at about $10 per child.
Allow new parents to condense their employment-insurance benefits to enable them to take shorter parental leaves while still receiving the full benefit. Increase the wage-replacement rate to 60 per cent from 55 per cent.
|Taxes||Raised income taxes on the wealthiest one percent, in order to cut them for nine million middle-class Canadians.
2019 Platform:Proposing a tax cut, where a middle class family pay no federal taxes on the first $15,000 they earn, for people earning under $147,000 a year. This will save the average family nearly $600 a year and the wealthiest one per cent get zero.Crack down on tax loopholes that allow large corporations to excessively deduct debt to artificially reduce the amount of taxes they pay.
|Conservatives have promised a “universal tax cut,” cutting the rate on taxable income under $47,630 from 15 to 13.75 per cent over three years.
They will re-introduce the Children’s Fitness Tax Credit and Children’s Arts and Learning Tax Credit. The credits would allow parents to claim up to $1,000 per child for expenses related to sports and fitness classes and up to $5,000 per child for expenses related to arts and educational activities.
Re-introduce a 15-per-cent tax credit for public transit passesRemove federal income tax from Employment Insurance maternity and paternity benefits by providing a 15-per-cent tax credit for any income under the two programs
Eliminate GST from home heating and energy billsEstablish a single tax return for Quebec residentsIntroduce a 20 per cent refundable tax credit for anyone who spends between $1,000 and $20,000 on energy-saving home renovations
Improve access to the federal disability tax credit by reducing the required number of hours spent on managing a disability, and expand the types of activities that can qualifyExpand a tax credit on supplies for volunteer firefighters, and search and rescue workers, by lowering the number of required service hours from 200 hours a year to 150 for eligibility. They will remove some of the subsidies given to businesses in an effort to save $1.5 billion in costs.
|The NDP will close loopholes that allow corporations to avoid paying tax, and will increase the corporate income tax by 3 points back to 2010 levels.
They will also raise taxes on the wealthiest individuals (capital gains inclusion rate to be increased to 75%; 1% wealth tax on wealth over $20 million)
Require web giants, such as Netflix, to charge QST and GST, and hold them to the same standards as Canadian cable companies
Close stock option loopholes and crack down on shell companies operating in tax havens
Increase the top marginal tax rate by two points to 35 percent
Roll back the Conservatives’ corporate income tax cuts by three percentage points to 2010 levels (18 per cent)
Double the Home Buyer’s Tax Credit to $1,500
Waive the federal sales tax on zero-emissions vehicles purchases and provide a $5,000 federal purchase incentive
|Affordable Housing||Created 100,000 new housing units, repair and renew more than 300,000 housing unitsIntroduced the First-Time Home Buyer Incentive to allow eligible first-time home buyers to apply to finance a portion of their home purchase through a shared equity mortgage with Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC).
2019 Platform:Move forward with the new First-Time Home Buyer Incentive, which gives people up to 10 per cent off the purchase price of their first home. Increase the qualifying value to nearly $800,000 in the places where houses cost more – like the greater Toronto Area.Provide homeowners and landlords with interest-free loans of up to $40,000 to pay for environmental retrofits.Introduce a national tax on vacant residential properties owned by non-resident foreigners.
|Andrew Scheer says he would ease regulations to get new homes built. He would raise amortization limits to 30 years for CMHC-backed mortgages and review the mortgage “stress test” for first-time buyers. The party would implement a 20 per cent green homes tax credit for up to $20,000 spent over two years to pay for energy-saving renovations.
They would also launch an inquiry into money laundering in real estate and make federal real estate available for housing developments.
|Build 500,000 new affordable homes over 10 years (half of which to be built in the next 5 years), starting with an immediate investment of $5 billion.
Spend $20 million for a dedicated RCMP unit to investigate money laundering, launch a national registry to show who profits from real estate, institute a 15-per-cent tax on foreign buyers to address housing speculation.
|Education||Increased Canada Student Grants by 50%, putting up to $3,000 more in the pockets of students who need it most over the course of their education.Made post-secondary education more affordable for 490,000 students in 2017-18 alone.
2019 Platform:Increased Canada Student Grants – give full- and part-time post secondary students up to $1,200 more each year. Extend interest free student loan repayment grace period for post secondary students from 6 months to 2 years.Increase the threshold at which recent graduates would have to start repaying loans to $35,000 of income, up from $25,000, and if their income ever falls below this level, their payments will be put on hold.Allow new parents to pause repayments until their youngest child turns five, without accruing interest during that time.
|Conservatives have promised a boost to the Registered Education Savings Plans, raising contributions from 20 to 30 per cent for every dollar invested up to $2,500 a year, to a maximum of $750 a year. Leader Andrew Scheer backed away from a tax credit for parents who send kids to private and independent schools after critics said it benefited the wealthy.||The NDP wants to move away from loans and significantly increase grants for post-secondary education. They will work with provinces to cap and reduce tuition fees, eventually making pos-secondary part of the public education system.
Cancel interest on all existing and future student loans
|Mental Health||Supporting better home care and mental health care with $11 billion in new targeted funding over the next 10 years.
2019 Platform:Set clear national standards for access to mental health services. Implement national universal pharmacare. Promise to spend $6 billion over four years to ensure every Canadian has access to a family doctor or primary health care team.
|Nothing yet||The NDP believes that mental health care should be available to everyone who needs it free of charge. They will incorporate better access to mental health and addiction support services as part of the strategy to tackle poverty. No specific dollar amount pledged.|
|Climate Change||Declare a national climate emergency. Pan-Canadian climate change strategy -l government required all provinces have a minimum level of carbon pricing. For those that fail to do so, the government implemented its own carbon tax, beginning in July 2019.
2019 Platform:Committing Canada to net zero by 2050.Spend $3 billion in planting two billion trees over 10 years.Continue with pricing pollution to help reduce emissions. Strengthening existing rules to cut emissions from Canada’s biggest polluters, including oil and gas.Exceed Canada’s 2030 emissions goal by introducing new carbon reducing measures.Ensure all federal buildings run on clean electricity by 2022.Pass legislation to help businesses and workers make the transition to clean energy.Conserve and protect 25 per cent of Canada’s land and 25 per cent of Canada’s oceans by 2025, working towards 30 per cent of each by 2030.Invest every dollar earned from the Trans Mountain Expansion Project in Canada’s clean energy transition.Help retrofit 1.5 million homes to help Canadians make their homes more energy efficient, and better protect them from climate-related risks.
|Conservatives say they are committed to meeting the Paris agreement target but would axe the carbon tax. They propose replacing a policy taxing heavy emitters with requirements they invest in clean technology or research. The party wants to sign agreements allowing Canada to get credit for helping achieve emissions reductions internationally and launch a green-tech patent tax credit for businesses.
||Want to cut fossil fuel (gas/ oil) subsidies.
Make all new buildings in Canada energy efficient by 2030, and retrofitting existing buildings by 2050
Move to 100% electric transit and free public transit, investing in high speed railCanada powered by net carbon-free electricity by 2030.30% of our land, freshwater, and oceans protected by 2030.
Municipalities transitioned to fully electric and help them transition to free public transit. Make it easier to own a zero-emission vehicle.Reach 2030 emission targets.Ban single use plastics by 2022.
Create a publicly funded $15-billion “climate bank” to support businesses fighting climate change, and provide money for a cross-Canada corridor for clean energy.Create a $40-million coastal protection fund to defend wild salmon, remove derelict vessels, clean up coastlines and improve coast guard equipment and training.